Definitions: 2.1. An exceeded way of thinking?

Industrial revolution: The industrial revolution, indicates the major phenomenon of the XIXth century the consequences of which affected profoundly the economy, policy, company, society and the environment. The industrial revolution is characterized by the passage of a society with agrarian dominance to an industrial society. In the plural, the industrial revolutions indicate the various waves of industrialization which succeeded one another, the industrial revolution having been a phenomenon moved in the time and in the space.

The Gross National Product (GNP) is the value of all the goods and services produced in an economy, plus the value of the goods and services imported, less the goods and services exported.

An oil crisis is an economic shock provoked by a rough modification of the offer of oil, combining increase of the price and the decline of the production.

Ecosystem, an area that contains organisms (e.g., plants, animals, bacteria) interacting with one another and their non-living environment. Ecosystems can be of any size (e.g., forest, meadow, ...).

 Biodiversity, a contraction of the phrase "biological diversity," is a complex topic, covering many aspects of biological variation. In popular usage, the word biodiversity is often used to describe all the species living in a particular area. If we consider this area at its largest scale - the entire world - then biodiversity can be summarized as "life on earth."

Greenhouse gas: Any of the atmospheric gases that contribute to the greenhouse effect by absorbing infrared radiation produced by solar warming of the Earth's surface. They include carbon dioxide (CO2), methane (CH4), nitrous oxide (NO2), and water vapor. Although greenhouse gases occur naturally in the atmosphere, the elevated levels especially of carbon dioxide and methane that have been observed in recent decades are directly related, at least in part, to human activities such as the burning of fossil fuels and the deforestation of tropical forests.

The Chernobyl disaster was a nuclear reactor accident in the Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant in the Soviet Union. It is the worst nuclear power plant accident in history and the only level 7 instance on the International Nuclear Event Scale, resulting in a severe release of radioactivity into the environment following a massive power excursion which destroyed the reactor. Two people died in the initial steam explosion, but most deaths from the accident were attributed to fallout.

The disaster of Seveso intervenes on July 10th, 1976. A cloud containing of the dioxin escapes from a reactor of the chemical factory Icmesa, situated in the municipality of Meda, and spreads on the Lombard plain in Italy. Four municipalities, among which Seveso, is touched. After the accident, the leaves of trees go yellow and the familiar animals die by tens. One does not need more to make Seveso of " environmental disaster " fall over in " the biggest disaster since Hiroshima ".

The disaster of Bhopal, arisen at night of December 3rd, 1984, is the most important industrial disaster to this day. The explosion of a factory Union Carbide ( maintaining Dow Chemical) of pesticides loosened 40 tons of isocyanate of methyl in the atmosphere of the city, killing between 16 000 and 30 000 persons, among whom eight thousand first night.

Exxon Valdez is the name of an American tanker which ran aground in 1989 on the coast of Alaska and provoked an important oil spill which had a big echo in the United States and entraina of the significant modifications of the American legislation on the sea transport in particular of oil.

The WWF initially World Wildlife Fund, renamed then World Wide Fund for Natural then simply WWF in 2001, is an international non-governmental organization of nature conservation and the environment, strongly involved in the sustainable development.

Greenpeace is a not violent non-governmental organization of present environmental protection in more than forty countries worldwide: in South America and North, in Asia and in the Pacific.

Biosphere: all the human beings and their environment on the Earth.

American way of life is an expression indicating the American lifestyle which developed in the XXth century and which bases on the consumption of mass. This one takes several forms: leisure activities, objects of the everyday life (food, household electrical appliances), clothing codes (jeans, suit...) information for the individual, but also overexploitation of natural resources (water, oil, forest resources). Or, the resources of the planet is not inexhaustible, so this model is not actually mondialisable.

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